FANDOM


California, Cascadian Battlecruiser laid down 1919

Units: 4'

  • CRS California'
  • CRS Utah'
  • CRS Sumatra'
  • CRS Hawaii


Displacement:
    34,958 t light; 36,983 t standard; 40,108 t normal; 42,609 t full load

Dimensions: Length (overall / waterline) x beam x draught (normal/deep)
    (814.94 ft / 800.00 ft) x 97.00 ft x (30.00 / 31.54 ft)
    (248.39 m / 243.84 m) x 29.57 m  x (9.14 / 9.61 m)

Armament:
      9 - 16.00" / 406 mm 45.0 cal guns - 2,120.01lbs / 961.62kg shells, 100 per gun
      Breech loading guns in turret on barbette mounts, 1919 Model
      3 x 2-gun mounts on centreline ends, majority forward
        1 raised mount - superfiring
      8 - 5.00" / 127 mm 50.0 cal guns - 66.16lbs / 30.01kg shells, 400 per gun
      Quick firing guns in turret on barbette mounts, 1919 Model
      8 x Single mounts on sides, evenly spread
      8 - 3.00" / 76.2 mm 45.0 cal guns - 13.62lbs / 6.18kg shells, 650 per gun
      Anti-air guns in deck mounts, 1919 Model
      6 x Single mounts on sides, evenly spread
        3 raised mounts
      2 x Single mounts on sides, aft deck centre
        2 double raised mounts
      32 - 1.57" / 40.0 mm 40.0 cal guns - 1.87lbs / 0.85kg shells, 150 per gun
      Anti-air guns in deck mounts, 1919 Model
      8 x 4 row quad mounts on side ends, evenly spread
        4 raised mounts - superfiring
      Weight of broadside 19,778 lbs / 8,971 kg
      Main Torpedoes
      8 - 21.0" / 533 mm, 23.00 ft / 7.01 m torpedoes - 1.476 t each, 11.810 t total
    submerged side tubes

Armour:
   - Belts:        Width (max)    Length (avg)        Height (avg)
    Main:    9.00" / 229 mm    515.00 ft / 156.97 m    12.00 ft / 3.66 m
    Ends:    Unarmoured
      Main Belt covers 99 % of normal length

   - Torpedo Bulkhead - Additional damage containing bulkheads:
        2.00" / 51 mm    515.00 ft / 156.97 m    30.00 ft / 9.14 m
    Beam between torpedo bulkheads 90.00 ft / 27.43 m

   - Gun armour:    Face (max)    Other gunhouse (avg)    Barbette/hoist (max)
    Main:    14.0" / 356 mm    6.00" / 152 mm        12.0" / 305 mm
    2nd:    3.00" / 76 mm    2.00" / 51 mm        5.00" / 127 mm
    3rd:    1.00" / 25 mm          -                  -

   - Armoured deck - multiple decks:
    For and Aft decks: 3.50" / 89 mm

   - Conning towers: Forward 6.00" / 152 mm, Aft 2.00" / 51 mm

Machinery:
    Oil fired boilers, steam turbines,
    Electric cruising motors plus geared drives, 6 shafts, 172,748 shp / 128,870 Kw = 31.25 kts
    Range 9,000nm at 15.00 kts
    Bunker at max displacement = 5,626 tons

Complement:
    1,416 - 1,842

Cost:
    £8.465 million / $33.860 million

Distribution of weights at normal displacement:
    Armament: 3,904 tons, 9.7 %
       - Guns: 3,880 tons, 9.7 %
       - Weapons: 24 tons, 0.1 %
    Armour: 10,045 tons, 25.0 %
       - Belts: 2,352 tons, 5.9 %
       - Torpedo bulkhead: 1,143 tons, 2.9 %
       - Armament: 3,326 tons, 8.3 %
       - Armour Deck: 3,022 tons, 7.5 %
       - Conning Towers: 202 tons, 0.5 %
    Machinery: 6,135 tons, 15.3 %
    Hull, fittings & equipment: 14,863 tons, 37.1 %
    Fuel, ammunition & stores: 5,150 tons, 12.8 %
    Miscellaneous weights: 12 tons, 0.0 %
       - Hull below water: 12 tons

Overall survivability and seakeeping ability:
    Survivability (Non-critical penetrating hits needed to sink ship):
      43,931 lbs / 19,927 Kg = 21.5 x 16.0 " / 406 mm shells or 5.0 torpedoes
    Stability (Unstable if below 1.00): 1.13
    Metacentric height 6.0 ft / 1.8 m
    Roll period: 16.6 seconds
    Steadiness    - As gun platform (Average = 50 %): 50 %
            - Recoil effect (Restricted arc if above 1.00): 0.84
    Seaboat quality  (Average = 1.00): 1.01

Hull form characteristics:
    Hull has a flush deck,
      a normal bow and a cruiser stern
    Block coefficient (normal/deep): 0.603 / 0.609
    Length to Beam Ratio: 8.25 : 1
    'Natural speed' for length: 28.28 kts
    Power going to wave formation at top speed: 53 %
    Trim (Max stability = 0, Max steadiness = 100): 50
    Bow angle (Positive = bow angles forward): 10.00 degrees
    Stern overhang: 10.00 ft / 3.05 m
    Freeboard (% = length of deck as a percentage of waterline length):
                Fore end,     Aft end
       - Forecastle:    20.00 %,  28.00 ft / 8.53 m,  25.00 ft / 7.62 m
       - Forward deck:    30.00 %,  25.00 ft / 7.62 m,  21.00 ft / 6.40 m
       - Aft deck:    35.00 %,  21.00 ft / 6.40 m,  21.00 ft / 6.40 m
       - Quarter deck:    15.00 %,  21.00 ft / 6.40 m,  21.00 ft / 6.40 m
       - Average freeboard:        22.64 ft / 6.90 m
    Ship tends to be wet forward

Ship space, strength and comments:
    Space    - Hull below water (magazines/engines, low = better): 98.3 %
        - Above water (accommodation/working, high = better): 167.8 %
    Waterplane Area: 56,915 Square feet or 5,288 Square metres
    Displacement factor (Displacement / loading): 102 %
    Structure weight / hull surface area: 206 lbs/sq ft or 1,005 Kg/sq metre
    Hull strength (Relative):
        - Cross-sectional: 0.98
        - Longitudinal: 1.16
        - Overall: 1.00
    Adequate machinery, storage, compartmentation space
    Excellent accommodation and workspace room

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